< Thoughts & Readings


Thursday, February 19, 2004  

On the Four Types of Men There are four types of men: A man who has neither tongue nor heart, namely the sinful, gullible fool, to whom Allah attaches no importance. He is good for nothing, and his ilk are dregs that carry no weight, unless Allah (Almighty and Glorious is He) extends His mercy to them, and so guides their hearts to faith in Him moving their limbs and organs in obedience to Him (Almighty and Glorious is He). Beware of being one of them, do not concern yourself with them and do not get involved with them, for they are for chastisement, anger and displeasure, the denizens and people of the Fire. From them we take refuge with Allah (Almighty and Glorious is He). You belong, of course among the scholars learned in knowledge of Allah (Almighty and Glorious is He), among the teachers of goodness, guides, leaders and summoners of religion, so it is your job to go and invite such people to the obedient service of Allah (Almighty and Glorious is He), and to warn them not to sin against Him. You will then be recorded as an adept [jahhadh] in Allah’s sight, and will receive the reward of the Messengers and Prophets. As Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace) once said to the Commander of the Believers, ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (may Allah be well pleased with him): “If Allah guides one man aright through your guidance, that is better for you than everything on which the sun rises.” The second man is one who does have a tongue, but no heart, so that he utters words of wisdom but does not practice what he preaches. He calls people to Allah, but he himself flees from Him (Almighty and Glorious is He). He deplores the faults of others while persisting in similar failings if his own. He makes a public show of piety, while opposing Allah (Almighty and Glorious is He) with heinous sins in private, as if he wore a wolf in clothes. It is of him the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) has warned us in saying: What I dread the most for my community comes from every hypocrite with a scholar’s tongue. Or, according to another tradition: What I dread the most for my community comes from evil scholars. We take refuge with Allah from this type! Keep your distance from him, and hurry away lest he snare you with the sweetness of his tongue, for then the fire of his sin will scorch you, and the putrid stench of his inner being and heart will kill you. The third man has a heart, but no tongue. He is a believer whom Allah (Almighty and Glorious is He) has veiled from His creation putting a screen around him, letting him see his own faults and enlightening his heart. He has made him aware of the undesirable consequences of mixing with people and the unfortunate results of talk and speech. This man has become convinced that safety lies in silence, retirement and seclusion, heeding the words of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace): “He who is silent will be saved,” as well as the saying of one of the scholars: “There are ten parts to worship, and nine of them are in silence.” This man is a saintly friend of Allah (Almighty and Glorious is He), protected within Allah’s veil, possessing safety and plenty of intelligence, a companion of the All-Merciful, blessed with His favor. Goodness—all that is good—is with him. It therefore behooves you to befriend him, to associate with him, to serve him, to endear yourself to him by taking care of things he may happen to need, and by providing him with facilities he can use. Then Allah will love you and choose you, and include you in the company of His friends and righteous servants, through His grace, if Allah wills (Exalted is He). The fourth man is one who will be called great in the Kingdom of Heaven, as it is related in the tradition of the Prophet (Allah bless and give him peace): “He who learns and teaches, and puts his learning into practice, will be called great in the Kingdom of Heaven.” Such is the man who knows Allah (Almighty and Glorious is He) and His signs. Allah (Almighty and Glorious is He) has stored in his heart the rarities of His knowledge, and has made him privy to secrets He has concealed from others. He has selected him, chosen him, drawn him towards Himself and raised him up, guided him to the door of His nearness, and expanded his breast to receive those secrets and all that knowledge. He has made him an adept, a summoner and a warner to His servants and a living proof in the midst, a rightly guided man and true, a deputy [badal] for His Messengers and Prophets (on them be His benedictions, His peace, His salutations and His blessings). This is the utmost culmination for the sons of Adam, There is no station above this man’s station except for Prophethood. Look out for him, then, and beware of opposing him, recoiling from him, shunning him, earning his enmity, failing to win his acceptance and access to his good counsel and advice. For safety lies in what he has to say, and in his presence, while perdition and error lie in the presence of others, except to succeed and helps with right guidance and mercy. Well, I have classified mankind for you. Now you must look at your own self, if you have eyes to see, and handle it carefully, if you regard it with care and compassion. May Allah (Almighty and Glorious is He) guide us, and you, to that which He loves and with which He is well pleased! -Shaikh Abd' al-Qadir al-Jilani, Revelations of the Unseen (Futuh al-Ghaib)



posted by SuFiSTiC | 2/19/2004 02:02:00 AM |
As for him who fears to stand before his Lord and restrains the ego its desires, the Garden is shelter.
(The Snatchers:40)
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "The Fire is surrounded by all kinds of desires and passions, while Paradise is surrounded by all kinds of disliked, undesirable things."
(Bukhari)
Whoever does good at night is rewarded during the day and whoever does good during the day is rewarded at night. Whoever is sincere in abandoning a desire is saved from catering to it. God is too noble to punish a heart that has abandoned a desire for His sake.
(Abu Sulayman ad-Darani)
Beware of your ego, and trust not its mischief;
The ego is worse than seventy devils.
(Arabic Poem)
Abu Bakar Balkhi
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I seek God's forgiveness, and do not claim that my intention in producing this Blog is confined to good religious purposes; how may I do so when I am aware of the hidden desires, egotistic passions, and worldly wishes that I harbour? I do not claim innocence for myself; the ego is indeed an inciter to evil, save when my Lord shows mercy; my Lord is indeed Forgiving, Merciful. O God! I seek Your protection against my committing idolatry [shirk] knowingly, and Your forgiveness for that of which I am not aware! I ask God to make me and all other believers benefit from this Blog and to render my production of it purely for the sake of His Noble Countenance.

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