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Wednesday, May 26, 2004  

The Sunna is the Second Source of the Shari’a You have learnt that the Sunna consists of the sayings, acts and acknowledgements of the Messenger of God (may God bless him and his family and grant them peace). You should be aware that the Sunna is an unrecited revelation [wahy ghayr matlu]. God has said (Exalted is He!), He does not speak from his own desire; it is only an inspired revelation. [53:3] And He has said, He has sent down upon you the Book and the Wisdom, and taught you that you did not know. The favour of God upon you has ever been great. [4:113] The “Book” is the Qur’an, and the “Wisdom” [hikma] is the Sunna. They were sent down through revelation [wahy] and inspiration [ilham]. The Qur’an stands distinguished [from the hikma] in that its words were revealed by God in their Arabic form. It is a miracle which humans cannot emulate, for no one can imitate it or compose anything which resembles even the shortest of its Suras: a miracle spanning the ages, protected from changes and interpolations. The Qur’an is possessed of other properties which do not hold good for the Sunna, such as the fact that it is forbidden to paraphrase it, and that touching or carrying it when in a state of impurity is forbidden. Hadiths, whether Qudsi or not, are not possessed of such properties. The Sunna is a clarification and an explanation of the Qur’an. God has said (Exalted is He!), We have sent the Remembrance down upon you, that you may make clear to mankind that which was sent down to them, in order that they may reflect. [16:44] The Prophet (may God bless him and his family and grant them peace) elucidated and explained in detail, in his words, actions and approval – or otherwise – of other people’s acts, what had been set forth in more general terms in the Book. For example, the number of rak’as in each Salat, their times, conditions, and sunnas; the thresholds of zakat, and on what kind of assets it is payable; similarly the fast, the rites of the Hajj and ‘Umra, their foundations, conditions, what invalidates them, and many other things. The Sunna furnishes us with rules which are not mentioned in detail in the Book, concerning transactions, courtesies, moral traits and virtues which regulate people’s lives. These have been handed down from the Prophet (may God bless him and his family and grant them peace), whom God has commanded us to imitate. God has said (Exalted is He!), In the Messenger of God you have a good example, for those who set their hope in God and the Last Day [33:21] and Say: if you love God, follow me and God will love you. [3:31] The obedient bondsman who follows the example of the Greatest Beloved (may God bless him and his family and grant them peace) becomes beloved by God, by virtue of his love of His Beloved. He saw Layla and shunned all the others A lover who sees beauty only in her, Has won and gained a great kingdom If she sees him in the same way he sees her. God the Exalted has said, Obey God and the Messenger. If you turn away, Our Messenger’s task is only to convey clearly [64:12] and Whoever obeys the Messenger has obeyed God [4:80] and Take whatever the Messenger gives you and refrain from what he has forbidden you. [59:7] What matters in each of these verses is the generality of the instructions, not the particular occasion on which each of them was revealed; therefore every instruction and prohibition which he gave constitutes a general principle. There are many other verses and many Hadiths in which this is made clear. For instance the Prophet said (may God bless him and his family and grant them peace), “The whole of my Umma shall enter the Garden except those who refuse.” Upon being asked, “And who are those who refuse, O Messenger of God?” He said. “Those who obey me shall enter the Garden, and those who disobey me shall have refused.” And God the Exalted has said, No, by your Lord! They shall not be believers until they make you the judge in their disputes, and then find no annoyance within themselves at what you decide and submit entirely, [4:65] and Let those who conspire to disobey his orders beware lest a trial afflict them, or a painful torment. [24:63] In His Book, God the Exalted has commanded that the Sunna of His Prophet be followed. This was made a duty and an obligation and therefore no faith can be sound without it. To deny that the Sunna is to be followed is kufr, because it is a denial of what has been stated in the Qur’an. This is the reason why the Muslims have taken such great care with Hadith, from the days of the Companions until the present. As already mentioned (The Imams of Hadith took the greatest care in recording each of them and in investigating both the chains of transmission and the text of each Hadith report, so that they could distinguish between those Hadiths which were authentic and those which were not) these were recorded, and transmitted verbally and in writing, and researched in the most profound manner as regards their memorization, accuracy, recording and freedom from flaws. Only those whose faith in the one who brought the Sunna was defective would detract from its value or snub it; by so doing they would set themselves outside the consensus, method and the doctrine of the Muslims and would show themselves to be ignorant of Islam, or its blatant enemies. -Habib Ahmad Mashhur al-Haddad, Key to the Garden



posted by Abubak'r | 5/26/2004 03:55:00 PM |
As for him who fears to stand before his Lord and restrains the ego its desires, the Garden is shelter.
(The Snatchers:40)
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "The Fire is surrounded by all kinds of desires and passions, while Paradise is surrounded by all kinds of disliked, undesirable things."
(Bukhari)
Whoever does good at night is rewarded during the day and whoever does good during the day is rewarded at night. Whoever is sincere in abandoning a desire is saved from catering to it. God is too noble to punish a heart that has abandoned a desire for His sake.
(Abu Sulayman ad-Darani)
Beware of your ego, and trust not its mischief;
The ego is worse than seventy devils.
(Arabic Poem)
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I seek God's forgiveness, and do not claim that my intention in producing this Blog is confined to good religious purposes; how may I do so when I am aware of the hidden desires, egotistic passions, and worldly wishes that I harbour? I do not claim innocence for myself; the ego is indeed an inciter to evil, save when my Lord shows mercy; my Lord is indeed Forgiving, Merciful. O God! I seek Your protection against my committing idolatry [shirk] knowingly, and Your forgiveness for that of which I am not aware! I ask God to make me and all other believers benefit from this Blog and to render my production of it purely for the sake of His Noble Countenance.

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