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Friday, September 17, 2004  

The Death of 'Umar ibn al-Khattab (may God be pleased with him) 'Amr ibn Maymun said, 'On the day that 'Umar was struck down, I was standing [in prayer] behind him, there being only 'Abd Allah ibn 'Abbas between us. He walked between the rows, and, whenever he saw any irregularities, said, "Straighten out!" until at last he saw no further unevenness and went out in front, saying "God is Most Great!" It was his custom to recite the chapter of Joseph, or The Bees, or some such text in the first rak'a so that the people had time to gather. 'No sooner had he begun the prayer when I heard him say, "He has slain me!" or "The dog has bitten me!" when Abu Lu'lu'a stabbed him. The foreigner ran amok with a two-pointed dagger, stabbing all he passed on his left and his right until he had stabbed thirteen men, of whom nine died (seven, according to another account). Upon seeing this, one of the Muslims threw a cloak over him, and the foreigner, seeing that he was captured, took his own life. ''Umar took hold of 'Abd al-Rahman ibn 'Awf and put him in front. Those who were behind 'Umar saw what I saw, but those who were at the back of the Mosque did not know what was the matter, only that they had lost 'Umar's voice. "Glory be to God!" they said, "Glory be to God!" 'Abd al-Rahman led them in a brief prayer, and when they had left 'Umar said, "O Ibn 'Abbas! See who it is that has slain me." He disappeared for a while, and then came back and announced, "The servant-boy of al-Mughira ibn Shu'ba." "May God slay him!" said 'Umar. "I had ordered that he be treated well." Then he said, "God be praised for not making my death be at the hands of a Muslim. It was you and your father who wanted there to be many foreigners at Medina. Al-'Abbas was the one who had the most of them, as slaves." "If you wish, I will act," said Ibn 'Abbas, meaning, "If you wish, I will put them to death." "After they have spoken your language, prayed in the direction you pray, and followed the rites of pilgrimage that you follow?" he asked. 'He was then carried to his house, and we went off with him. It was as though the people had never been afflicted by any disaster before that day. One man said, "I am afraid for him," while another said, "There is no danger." Some grape juice was brought from which 'Umar drank, but it came out from his belly; then they brought some milk, but when he drank this it too came out from his belly, and they knew that he would die. 'We went in to visit him with the people, who lavished praises on him. A young man came forward and said, "Rejoice, O Commander of the Faithful, at good news from God (Great and Glorious is He!). Yours was companionship with the Emissary of God (may God bless him and grant him peace) and such precedence in Islam as you have known. Then you were given to rule, and ruled with justice, until martyrdom came to you." "I only hope that that will balance out." he said, "and count neither for nor against me." And when the speaker had turned to leave, his waist-wrapper [izar] was seen trailing along the ground. 'Umar asked that he be brought back, and then said to him, "O my nephew! Raise up your garment somewhat, for that will make it last longer and shows more piety to your Lord." Then he said, "O 'Abd Allah! Look to my outstanding debts." They calculated them, and found they amounted to eighty-six thousand [dirhams], or thereabouts. "If the wealth of the family of 'Umar will cover them," he said, "then pay them from my wealth. If not, then ask the tribe of 'Adi ibn Ka'b. Should their wealth be insufficient, then ask among the Quraysh. Do not go beyond them to anyone else, but pay back this money for me. '"Go to 'A'isha, the Mother of the Believers, and say to her that 'Umar sends her his salutations. Do not say, 'Commander of the Faithful,' for today I am no longer their commander. Say, ''Umar ibn al-Khattab seeks leave to be buried beside his two companions'." 'And so 'Abd Allah went, and gave his greetings, and asked leave to enter. When he entered he found her sitting down and weeping. "'Umar ibn al-Khattab sends his greetings to you", he said, "and seeks leave to be buried with his two companions". "I had wanted to have that place for myself," she said, "but today I will certainly put him first." 'When he returned, someone said, "Here is 'Abd Allah ibn 'Umar, who has returned." "Lift me up," 'Umar said, and a man supported his weight. "What news do you bring?" "That which you have longed for, O Commander of the Faithful! She has given consent." "God be praised!" he said. "Nothing was more important to me than that. Now when I have passed away, carry me thence, greet her, and say, ''Umar seeks your leave to enter.' If she grants it me, then take me in; and should she send me back, then take me on to the cemetery of the Muslims." 'At this, Hafsa, Mother of the Believers came, with the women veiling her. When we saw her we rose to our feet. She made her way over to 'Umar's house, where she wept awhile. Then she asked the men to let her enter, and she went inside, where we heard her weeping. '"Give us your final injunction, O Commander of the Faithful," they said, "and appoint your successor!" "I see none with more right to this affair", he said, "than those people with whom the Emissary of God (may God bless him and grant him peace) was satisfied when he passed away." And he named 'Ali, 'Uthman, al-Zubayr, Talha, Sa'd [ibn Abi Waqqas] and 'Abd al-Rahman [ibn 'Awf]. "Let 'Abd Allah ibn 'Umar be a witness to this, although he shall have no share in rulership; it shall be a consolation for him. Should the government pass into the hands of Sa'd, then so be it; if not then let whomsoever is assigned it seek his aid, for I did not dismiss him on grounds of inadequacy or treachery. I enjoin the man who shall succeed me as Caliph to deal kindly with the First Emigrants, and to recognise their merit and to respect their inviolability. I enjoin him to deal kindly with the Helpers, who made ready the land and the faith before they came, (XXI:87) that the deeds of their good men should be accepted and their wrongdoers forgiven. And I enjoin him to deal kindly with the people of the garrison towns [al-amsar], for they are the buttress of Islam, the tax-gatherers, and the rage of the enemy; and that only what they hold in surfeit should be taken, and that with their consent. I enjoin him also to deal kindly with the nomads, for they are the root of the Arabs and the very stuff of Islam. Their surplus wealth should be taken from them and redistributed among the paupers. And I enjoin him, by the covenant of God (Great and Glorious is He!) and that of His Emissary (may God bless him and grant him peace), to respect their compact, to fight wars on their behalf, and to burden them only with that which they can sustain." 'When he passed away, we went out along with him and set off walking. 'Abd Allah ibn 'Umar gave the greeting, and said, "'Umar ibn al-Khattab asks leave to enter." "Bring him in," she said. And they brought him in, and laid him in a place there beside his two companions.' It is reported that the Prophet (may God bless him and grant him peace) said, 'Gabriel (upon whom be peace) has told me that upon the death of 'Umar all Islam shall weep." (Abu Nu'aym, II.175) According to Ibn 'Abbas, ''Umar was set down on his bed, and the people crowded around him making supplications and prayers before he was lifted up. I myself was among them. No-one disturbed me until a man placed his hand on my shoulder. I turned, and there was 'Ali ibn Abi Talib (may God be pleased with him) who asked God to show mercy to 'Umar, and said [to him] "There is not a single man with whose works I should prefer to meet God than with yours. By God, I had already believed that God would set you with your two companions, for how often did I hear the Prophet (may God bless him and grant him peace) say, 'I went with Abu Bakr and 'Umar,' 'I entered with Abu Bakr and 'Umar,' and 'I went out with Abu Bakr and 'Umar,' so that I hoped, or suspected, that God would set you with them".' -Hujjatul Islam, Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazali, Remembrance of Death and the Afterlife (Kitab Dhikr al-Mawt wa-ma Ba'dahu); Book XL of The Revival of the Religious Sciences (Ihya' 'Ulum al-Din)



posted by Abubak'r | 9/17/2004 01:37:00 AM |
As for him who fears to stand before his Lord and restrains the ego its desires, the Garden is shelter.
(The Snatchers:40)
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "The Fire is surrounded by all kinds of desires and passions, while Paradise is surrounded by all kinds of disliked, undesirable things."
(Bukhari)
Whoever does good at night is rewarded during the day and whoever does good during the day is rewarded at night. Whoever is sincere in abandoning a desire is saved from catering to it. God is too noble to punish a heart that has abandoned a desire for His sake.
(Abu Sulayman ad-Darani)
Beware of your ego, and trust not its mischief;
The ego is worse than seventy devils.
(Arabic Poem)
Abu Bakar Balkhi
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I seek God's forgiveness, and do not claim that my intention in producing this Blog is confined to good religious purposes; how may I do so when I am aware of the hidden desires, egotistic passions, and worldly wishes that I harbour? I do not claim innocence for myself; the ego is indeed an inciter to evil, save when my Lord shows mercy; my Lord is indeed Forgiving, Merciful. O God! I seek Your protection against my committing idolatry [shirk] knowingly, and Your forgiveness for that of which I am not aware! I ask God to make me and all other believers benefit from this Blog and to render my production of it purely for the sake of His Noble Countenance.

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